Ignis Doors

Secure Your Place Today—Decoding the UK’s Fire Door Placement Requirements

Date: 23/11/2023

Posted by: ignis

In the busy environment of non-residential fires in the UK, it’s startling that three-quarters of fire doors assessed were deemed “not fit for purpose” in 2019.

These hidden protectors are overlooked but vital in ensuring people’s and property’s safety. Let’s shed light on a key part of building safety as we dig into the maze of fire door rules. Stick around as we go through fire door installation standards in the UK.

Let’s start your road to safety and compliance. Let’s start with understanding fire doors’ essential role in safeguarding what matters most.

What are fire doors?

Consider a fire door to be your building’s emergency keeper. When utilized properly, it is more than simply a barrier; it is a lifeline. Consider the following scenario: a fire breaks out. A well-made fire door, created by a certified manufacturer like Ignis Doors UK, can act as a steadfast defender, deflecting the raging attack for 30 minutes or more.

This priceless time offers a  safe escape, allowing the Fire Department to swoop in and rescue the premises.

What Is the Difference Between a Fire Door and a Standard Door?

Now, you might be asking what distinguishes a fire door from a regular one. A standard door offers room segregation, sound insulation, and protection against intruders. But, a fire door goes above and beyond. Its fire-resistance rating indicates its capacity to prevent the spread of fire and smoke within a structure.

Let’s now disclose the rules and regulations governing UK fire door placement and determine who guarantees their installation.

Are Fire Door Legal Obligations in the UK?

They are, indeed. Fire doors are a safety factor and legal obligation in UK business premises. This applies to various settings, from apartment buildings to multi-family homes.

The unpredictability of fire outbreaks heightens the need for safety, making fire doors a crucial component of every business facility.

Keeping Safe with Safety Tests

A thorough understanding of the safety test is essential for ensuring readiness for probable failures. The government website provides a complete summary and is an excellent resource for anticipating and addressing any concerns as soon as possible.

A Government Recommendation for Multiple Fire Exits

The government recommended that all buildings, particularly commercial ones, have more than one fire escape for safety. While numerous escape routes are preferable, at least one must always be open. This proactive strategy increases the likelihood of personnel staying safe in the sad case of a fire.

Understanding the legal need for fire doors is a commitment to the safety and well-being of everyone within a commercial facility.

What are the UK Fire Door Regulations?

Fire door regulations in the United Kingdom are not uniform. They vary based on where you are and whether you are dealing with a new or old construction. Understanding these criteria is crucial because they lay the framework within which fire doors must function to save lives.

Who can Install Fire Doors?

While the laws do not require particular credentials for anyone installing fire doors, they emphasize the significance of a “responsible person”. This might be a company owner, a self-employed individual working on the premises, a volunteer group, or a contractor with partial authority over the property.

Alternatively, you can rely on the skills of specialists to ensure a smooth installation procedure with no gaps or fractures that compromise the efficiency of the door.

Domestic vs. Non-Domestic Building Fire Door Requirements

The criteria for fire doors vary for domestic and non-domestic structures, reflecting the various characteristics of spaces and the diverse demands for safety.

Domestic Buildings

Every entrance leading to the stairway in a house with more than two floors must be a fire door, especially if it opens to a livable room. Fire doors are also required in loft conversions, between a home and an integrated garage, and in mixed-use structures with commercial and residential parts.

Non-Domestic Buildings

The rules for non-domestic and commercial constructions are further subdivided into vertical and horizontal escape routes. Vertical evacuation entails utilizing stairs to evacuate multi-story structures, and horizontal evacuation moves within the building without leaving the present floor.

The decision between the two is based on what is fastest and safest for the building’s occupants.

Fire doors must line these escape pathways, satisfying the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005’s minimum standard, with the FD rating established by individual evaluations depending on building type, door position, and surroundings.

Fire Door Installation Regulations

Surprisingly, there is no legal requirement for fire door installers to have specific credentials or accreditations. However, installation accuracy is necessary. Even the smallest gap or fracture might jeopardize the door’s performance. Therefore, entrusting the work to a reputable and competent technician is critical.

Fire Door Frame Regulations and Maintenance

Fire door frames should be obtained from the door’s manufacturer, a licensed business, or an approved fire door center. Regular inspections are essential to ensure functionality, with examinations occurring at least every six months. Contacting a registered FDIS inspector for a thorough test is recommended due to their expertise and objective assessment of proficiency and comprehension in fire doors.

After understanding the legal requirement for fire doors in commercial premises, let’s move on to the practicalities—what kind of fire doors does your property require?

What Fire Doors do I Require?

Choosing the best fire door for your place is a science, not a guessing game. The fire risk assessment is the key to gaining access to this information. The ‘Responsible Person’ conducts an up-to-date fire risk assessment.

This evaluation involves 

  • Thorough examination of the premises
  • Identifying possible fire hazards
  • Making recommendations to minimize or eliminate them.
  • It must specify where fire doors should be strategically positioned and what fire rating they should have.

Their function goes beyond simply being barriers; they are also safety guards. They are designed to restrict fire inside a specified region, limiting damage and protecting escape routes (a concept known as compartmentation).

Generally, fire doors are necessary at all doorways leading to escape routes. Always refer to your risk assessment for specific information relevant to your building.

Wrapping It Up

As previously stated, frequent inspections, ideally every six months, are critical for adequately operating fire doors. Due to rapid wear and tear, commercial buildings with heavy foot traffic may necessitate even more regular inspections.

Now that you’ve learned about fire door rules and the necessity of selecting the correct doors for your building, it’s time to take action. The next step is to check your business demands and choose a fire-rated commercial door that meets your safety requirements.

Ignis Doors UK: Your Trusted Partner in Security

Ignis Doors UK emerges as more than a provider on this road to safety. We recognize that safety is more than a necessity; it is a commitment to your well-being. Our fire-rated commercial doors and dedicated maintenance services suit your needs.

Are you ready to take the next step in protecting your business from potential fire risks? Your route to safety begins with the appropriate doors.