In the United Kingdom, security is a primary concern. Fire doors are an important part of any building’s safety plan. They are essential in slowing the spread of fire and smoke while offering a safe escape route.
Despite their life-saving function, fire doors do not have to be unappealing. So, how do you improve the appearance of your fire doors while keeping them functional? This blog will explore painting fire doors, emphasizing the specific requirements and laws that apply in the United Kingdom.
What Are Fire Doors Made Of?
Understanding the composition of fire doors is critical for their maintenance. These are not your ordinary entryways, and their distinctive architecture is critical to their capacity to endure fire and smoke. Fire doors are often made using solid-core construction, which uses solid wood. This extensive structure is what makes them so strong and fire-resistant. Due to their material, fire doors are significantly heavier and thicker than typical interior doors.
They may be up to 10mm thicker, an important factor in their fire resistance.
Fire Door System Components
Fire door systems are more than simply the door. They represent an all-inclusive approach to fire safety. A typical fire door system includes the following components:
- The main door is built with fire-resistant materials, as indicated above.
- The fire-resistant door frame provides structural support in a fire.
- Fire-rated hinges can resist extreme temperatures without failing.
- Handles that are designed to retain their integrity and performance in the event of a fire.
- These seals play an important role in fire door systems. They may not be noticeable initially, but they play an essential function. When exposed to heat, intumescent seals expand.
The importance of intumescent seals can be comprehended from the following stats. 36% of fire deaths are caused by inhaling harmful smoke. These data highlight the significance of keeping smoke from freely traveling throughout a structure during a fire.
Can Fire Doors Be Painted?
Yes, you can paint fire doors, and it’s an easy way to update their appearance to complement your interior design. Painting fire doors, on the other hand, comes with obligations. It is critical to ensure that the door retains its fire-resistant qualities.
Let’s look at the most important factors when painting fire doors in the UK.
Choosing the Best Paint
When you paint your fire doors, the type of paint you use is an important consideration.
- Make sure that the paint you choose is suitable for the material and finish of your fire door. The paint should blend in with the surface of the door.
- The paint used must maintain the door’s fire-resistance qualities. You aim to improve the door’s look without affecting its essential purpose.
- Choose low-VOC (volatile organic compound) or water-based paints for safety and environmental concerns. These choices are less likely to react negatively with the door’s surface.
Contact the Manufacturer
It is imperative that you make official contact with the fire door’s maker before you start painting.
- The manufacturer might provide precise suggestions on what paint to use on their fire doors. This is especially crucial because each door may have distinct needs.
- They can also provide useful information about any additional precautions you should use throughout the painting process. Following their instructions is critical to preserving the door’s fire resistance.
How to Prepare Your Door for Painting
Preparing your door correctly is essential to ensure that the paint applies smoothly and evenly while retaining the door’s fire-resistant qualities.
1. Surface Sanding
Begin by evaluating the door’s surface for any rough edges, defects, or old paint that needs to be removed. Sand the whole surface of the door using fine-grit sandpaper.
2. Surface Cleaning
After sanding, the door’s surface must be cleaned appropriately. Wipe away any leftover dust, filth, or debris using a moist cloth or sponge.
3. Examining for Holes and Gaps
Inspect the door’s surface for any holes, gaps, or fractures. These gaps can allow moisture or heat to enter the door’s inside, thus weakening its fire protection. If you detect any such gaps, you must fill them before painting.
4. Filling Gaps and Holes
Fill up any gaps, holes, or cracks on the door’s surface using caulk or putty to guarantee a smooth finish after painting. Pay special attention to the regions surrounding door frames.
Paint Your Fire Doors
Now that your fire door has been properly prepped, it’s time to paint it. This is the point at which the transformation truly begins. To achieve a faultless finish, follow these steps:
5: Stir the Paint
Give the paint can a thorough swirl before you begin painting. This ensures the pigment is dispersed uniformly throughout the paint, producing a consistent color and finish.
6. Apply Even Coats
To apply the paint, use a high-quality brush or roller. Repeated thin applications prefer a single thick layer when painting fire doors. Thin coats not only give superior coverage but they also result in a smoother, more durable finish. Begin by painting the edges and corners using a brush.
7. Let the Paint Dry
Follow the manufacturer’s directions for drying periods after each coat of paint. Wait at least 24 hours between applications to ensure the paint is completely dry before adding more layers.
8. Add More Coats (If Required)
You may need to apply several layers of paint to create the desired effect, depending on the type and color of paint you’re using. In this situation, gently sand the previous layer with 220-grit sandpaper before applying the next.
This moderate sanding prepares the surface for the next coat to adhere better, resulting in a smoother finish. Make sure to clean up any sanding dust.
9. Reattach the Hardware and Replace the Door
When the last layer of paint has completely dried, it’s time to put the finishing touches on your fire door. Repair any previously removed hardware, such as handles, locks, and hinges, and remove any painter’s tape. After everything is secure, reinstall the door in its frame and admire your freshly painted fire door.
Painting a Fire Door Using Intumescent Paint
If you’ve decided to put intumescent paint on your fire door, you must understand the particular maintenance needs for this paint. Intumescent paint is essential for increasing the fire resistance of your door, and its performance depends on appropriate application and maintenance.
- Check the Paint Packaging
- Intumescent Paint Options
- Seek Expert Advice
Maintaining Your Painted Fire Doors
After successfully painting and finishing your fire doors, the challenge of maintaining both their beauty and safety starts.
Make it a practice to clean your painted fire doors regularly to keep their attractiveness. Wipe away any dust, filth, or smudges accumulated over time with a soft, wet cloth. Gentle washing helps to keep the door’s appearance without affecting the paint or fire resistance. Avoid using abrasive or strong chemicals, which might harm the paint and compromise the door’s integrity.
Aside from the actual paint, the general operation of your fire doors is crucial for fire safety. Check the door’s seals, hinges, handles, and other hardware components as part of your regular maintenance routine. Check that they are working correctly and are firmly secured to the door.
Lastly, pay attention to intumescent seals, which prevent the spread of smoke and fire. Ensure that these seals are in good shape, without damage or wear. If you find any problems with the intumescent seals, you must fix them immediately to keep the door fire-resistant.
As previously stated, if you utilized intumescent paint, adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions for repainting intervals. Periodic repainting ensures that the door’s fire-resistant characteristics are maintained and continue to protect in the event of a fire.
Ignis Doors- Your Trusted Partner in Fire Doors
Choosing a fire door from a reputable manufacturer is necessary for maintenance. With end-to-end manufacture at our cutting-edge Milton Keynes facility, you can trust every element of the ignis fire door’s development is accurately controlled to meet and surpass industry standards.