Ignis Doors

How to Choose the Best Fire Door in the UK for Maximum Security-A Guide

Date: 01/12/2023

Posted by: ignis

Are you concerned about the security of your home? Fire doors are the first line of defense against the unexpected. These doors, as quiet sentinels of safety, aren’t only for business settings but are also becoming a must-have in many newly built UK homes. But wait, do you have one in your place? Don’t worry if you don’t. Choosing the right fire door is your ticket to a safe refuge, whether required by law or selected for peace of mind.

With so many options, selecting the perfect door for your home might be difficult, but don’t worry! We’ve got your back. We have covered the parameters to find the best fire door for your home to simplify the process. Let’s ensure your house is safe and secure.

How to Choose Fire Door

What are Fire Doors?

Let’s look into the data highlighting the importance of protecting your house. Government statistics indicated 61,940 primary fires in the UK from June 2020 to June 2021, resulting in 249 fatalities. Surprisingly, most fire incidents occurred within houses and residential structures.

Aren’t these figures shocking?

Fire Doors are the solution. This seemingly regular door emerges as a life-saving barrier in a country where over 60,000 flames occur yearly. Despite its ordinary look, a fire door is a strategic defense against disaster, adopting compartmentalization to slow the relentless march of smoke and flames.

These doors, made of heavyweight, fire-resistant materials, serve as firm guards. They provide an impenetrable shield against fire by combining a fire-rated door frame, hinges, closer, and innovative features such as intumescent strips.

What’s the Difference Between Regular Doors and Fire Doors?

Fire doors are unique doors meant to prevent the spread of fire. Look for signs stating “fire door” to help you find them. These doors are built of fire-resistant materials, such as a sturdy wood door, fire-rated hinges, and heat-expanding strips. These components work together to keep the fire contained in one region to ensure safety.

Types of Fire Doors

Look at the different fire door types adapted to your unique requirements. First up are the sturdy hardwood fire-rated doors. These doors combine safety and attractiveness by being built around a solid wood or particleboard core. Consider an oak fire door that combines fire safety with the timeless appeal of wood. The next is Robust steel fire doors, which frequently have better ratings than their wooden or glass equivalents. These doors serve as safety guardians in environments that require extra security, such as industrial facilities, kitchens, and hospitals.

But what about those who want usefulness as well as elegance? The glass fire doors are the answer. These doors are not only beautiful, but they also fulfill strict fire safety criteria. They become a beautiful and functional barrier against the elements when made with fire-rated glass that can withstand temperatures up to 900°C.

Choosing the Right Fire Door For Maximum Protection

whether you’re protecting a personal refuge or a bustling business place, understanding the regulations and your responsibilities guides this critical decision.

1. Where Do You Want to Use the Fire Door?

For Residential Properties

Fiire doors aren’t simply a choice; they’re a legal requirement in some situations. Consider your door as the entrance to an apartment or shared corridor or as a barrier along an escape route in multi-story structures, including loft conversions.

Don’t forget about the link between your garage and the rest of your house – another vital place that requires fire door protection. And, if particular areas represent a fire danger, such as your kitchen or a living room with an open fire or wood burner, interior fire doors provide an extra layer of protection.

For Commercial Buildings

Let’s focus on commercial structures, where rules are more significant. In this case, the duty includes assigning a designated individual to undertake fire risk assessments. This ensures that every fire safety work fulfills the needed criteria. It’s not just about the doors; it’s about putting up a total defense against prospective threats.

2. Conduct a Risk Assessment

Even if you are not required by law to do a fire risk assessment, it is an excellent idea for protecting your house and assuring preparation.

Begin with a simple five-step fire assessment.

  • Identify vertical and horizontal fire dangers, including stairways and egress routes.
  • Recognize those who are at risk in the case of a fire.
  • Consider installing outdoor and interior fire doors to assess and reduce threats.
  • Create a detailed fire safety strategy that includes evacuation routes.
  • Keep your plan active by updating it frequently to reflect changing demands.

3. Are you Looking for Internal or External fire doors?

An exterior fire door is required if your entrance opens into a public corridor or lobby. You can use an outside fire door as your front or back entrance, a strong barrier against fire spreading into the yard or nearby houses.

Certification becomes your guiding star as you begin selecting the correct fire door.

  • Check for certificates such as BS 476 Part 22/BS EN 1634 Part 1 for the fire resistance of building materials to ensure your selected doors fulfill the proper criteria.
  • Take notice of the fire leaf rating (FD30, FD60, or FD90), which indicates the door’s capacity to withstand fire for a certain period.

Calculate the Weight of the Fire Door

The material and size define the game’s variables. As previously said, the scene is dominated by wooden fire doors. The primary player impacting weight in this case is the wood density.

Don’t worry; calculating is simple. Here’s an easy-to-follow formula:

Door Weight in kg = Width X height X thickness X kg/m2 of the door’s core 

Consider an FD30 fire door with a typical 44mm thickness and dimensions of 1981mm by 838mm. Let’s run the calculations on this piece made of Scandinavian redwood (density: 510 kg/m3): The fire door weighs little more than 37kg. But wait a minute, that’s only the door leaf. Add the weights of the selected components to get the total weight.

How to Fit a Fire Door?

Now that we’ve proven the need for fire doors let’s move on to a critical aspect: fitting them. Because fire doors are seen as the ultimate lifeline, tight standards control their installation. We strongly advise assigning this work to a skilled specialist for your household fire doors, guaranteeing security and peace of mind.

Understanding the fundamentals, on the other hand, is powerful. Here are some helpful hints and recommended practices for installing fire doors:

Fire Door Frame

  • Determine that the door lining corresponds to the door leaf grade (FD30 or FD60).
  • Place the intumescent strip groove side on the fireside.
  • Mineral wool should fill spaces between the wall and the frame.
  • As per fire door frame rules, keep a 3-4mm gap.
  • For accuracy, use frame packers.
  • More information about installing a fire door frame may be found in our guide.

Smoke Seals and Intumescent Strips

  • Fitting in frame grooves for intumescent strips is required.
  • Install intumescent hinge pads in door hinge recesses before installing hinges.
  • Most strips feature self-adhesive tape; slot them into place.
  • Learn more in our detailed guide on installing intumescent strips and smoke seals.

Hinges for Fire Doors:

  • The leaf and frame must rate hinges.
  • Each door leaf must have at least three BS EN 1935 fire hinges.
  • Install hinges according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Place two toward the top and bottom, although the distances might vary.
  • For hinge installation, use screw fixing.

Ignis Doors UK  Offers Commitment to Safety

As we conclude our exploration of finding the right fire doors, remember that purchasing a door is an investment in peace of mind. Ignis Doors UK gives more than simply doors; it is a fort against the unexpected, a protector for your house or business.

Ignis, a door set solutions firm, takes pleasure in offering unique, fully certified timber fire door sets across various sectors. So, why settle for anything less than the best fire door option? Ignis Doors UK places safety first. Because when it comes to safeguarding what is most important, every detail counts.